3.4 Complications

All of the surgical techniques described here are very safe. Each procedure has its pros and cons and, depending on the technique, different complications can occur, with their manifestation being more or less probable. Hence the choice of a particular technique will depend mainly on the condition of the individual patient. Overall, complications occur only rarely for all procedures but cannot be ruled out in principle. You should therefore be informed about possible risks. If there are any signs of a complication once you have been discharged from hospital, you should let your doctor know immediately.
The possible complications include:
  • Damage to nerves, intestines or urinary tract during the operation
  • Strangulation or injury to the spermatic cord (only in the case of an inguinal hernia operation in males)
  • Thrombosis/embolism during or after the operation
  • Infection of the surgical wound
  • Chronic pain in the surgical area
  • Hernia recurrence (recurrent hernia)
While the probability of hernia recurrence is relatively low, this cannot be ruled out in principle. The sooner a recurrence is noticed, the quicker can the necessary surgical treatment be initiated and the lower the risk of complications. It is therefore important that you examine your body regularly and in the event of any body changes suggestive of a recurrent hernia (in particular swelling) contact your doctor immediately. The same holds true, of course, for any persistent complaints such as impaired sensations or pain at the operation site.